Past Howley Prize Recipients

Read about past recipients of the Lee C. Howley Sr. Prize for Arthritis Scientific Research.

2022 Mary K. Crow, MD

Dr. Crow is physician-in-chief emeritus at Hospital for Special Surgery, professor of medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College and professor of immunology in its Graduate School of Medical Sciences. Dr. Crow is also senior scientist, co-director of the Mary Kirkland Center for Lupus Research, and director of the autoimmunity and inflammation program at Hospital for Special Surgery’s Research Institute, where she holds the Benjamin M. Rosen chair in immunology and inflammation research.

Over the years, Dr. Crow’s research has focused on the induction and regulation of human autoimmune diseases. She continues to investigate the cellular and cytokine mediators of immune system activation and inflammation in those disorders. Her leadership roles have included president of the American College of Rheumatology, president of the Henry Kunkel Society, and she has been co-chair of the scientific advisory board of the Lupus Research Alliance.

Read the announcement.

2021 Andrew C. Chan, MD, PhD

Dr. Chan is senior vice president of research biology at Genentech and is an accomplished leader in target discovery, drug discovery and drug development. Dr. Chan’s laboratory focuses on how our immune systems protect us against foreign pathogens yet can cause autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. He has published over 100 research papers, review articles and books. Dr. Chan has served on the Arthritis Foundation’s national Medical &Scientific Advisory Committee since 2015, where he’s served as the chair of the fellowship program since 2018. He is also the medical and scientific chair of the local leadership board in the San Francisco area, and leads the annual Knowles Lecture, now in its 55th year. In 2020, he spearheaded the new patient education webinar series serving the Northern California region.

2020 David Felson, MD, MPH

David Felson, MD, MPH is professor of medicine and epidemiology at Boston University’s Schools of Medicine and Public Health. This is the second time Dr. Felson has been honored with the $10,000 Howley Prize, the first time being in 2004. Over the years, Dr. Felson’s research has uncovered new discoveries to help make osteoarthritis a treatable disease, coinciding with his interest in clinical trials around rheumatoid arthritis. Using MRIs and other baselines, Dr. Felson has led a series of studies aimed at reducing the risk of developing arthritis. He has worked closely with the FDA and several rheumatology organizations to standardize outcome measurements, which has made it possible to gauge the efficacy of new drugs, such as TNF inhibitors. With his second Howley Prize, Dr. Felson shows us once again why he is recognized as a rheumatologist who has substantially contributed to our understanding and treatment of rheumatic diseases. 

2019 Martin K. Lotz, MD

Since receiving an Arthritis Foundation Investigator Award in 1988, Dr. Lotz, professor at The Scripps Research Institute, has pursued understanding how arthritis develops and ways to stop joint damage before it occurs. In the year of his Howley award, his work appeared in 13 scientific publications. Dr. Lotz is an Arthritis Foundation board member and chairs the advisory committee in our OA Center of Excellence, and the Medical and Scientific Advisory Committee.

2018 Jasvinder Singh, MD

Dr. Singh’s knowledge about arthritis and research goes far, deep, and wide. He is a professor, rheumatologist and director of a gout clinic. He’s based at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and the Birmingham VA Medical Center. Dr. Singh is also a prolific researcher, with more than 350 peer-reviewed original publications. In addition, he serves on many influential arthritis-related councils and committees. Despite his numerous commitments, he has always made time to contribute his vast expertise to the Arthritis Foundation. Over the years, we’ve had many discussions with him on the latest trends in rheumatology and the significance of new studies in medical literature. Dr. Singh reviews content across all platforms at the Foundation – including Arthritis Today magazine, patient brochures, and website articles and blogs. He ensures the information the Arthritis Foundation provides is accurate and cutting-edge. Dr. Singh gives it his all to help bring us closer to a cure.

2017 Farshid Guilak, PhD

Dr. Guilak has championed remarkable breakthroughs in orthopedic and osteoarthritis research. Since January 2016, his work has appeared in 25 respected scientific publications. Dr. Guilak and his team have found a way to grow new cartilage on a hip joint-shaped scaffold using stem cells. His current Arthritis Foundation-funded project, Engineering New Biologic Therapies for Arthritis, is just as trailblazing, using genetically-created smart stem cells to identify and stop inflammation on a targeted cellular level. This “arthritis vaccine” delivers customized drug treatment to a specific area and begins the cell repair process through a biologic product. In addition to his cutting-edge research, Dr. Guilak actively participates in our events and prominent social media interaction promoting our efforts. He never says no to an opportunity that brings awareness to this disease – and we’re very grateful for the amazing, innovative and truly inspiring work he does day in and day out.

2016 Karen M. Doody, PhD

The prize-winning team from the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology and the University of California, San Diego also included: Stephanie M. Stanford, Cristiano Sacchetti, Mattias N. D. Svensson, Charlotte H. Coles, Nikolaos Mitakidis, William B. Kiosses, Beatrix Bartok, Camille Fos, Esther Cory, Robert L. Sah, Ru Liu-Bryan, David L. Boyle, Heather A. Arnett, Tomas Mustelin, Maripat Corr, Jeffrey D. Esko, Michel L. Tremblay, Gary S. Firestein, A. Radu Aricescu, and Nunzio Bottini. Their report, “Targeting phosphatase-dependent proteoglycan switch for rheumatoid arthritis therapy,” was published in Science Translational Medicine. This team identified a novel drug target for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, focusing on the cells directly responsible for cartilage damage in affected joints. Their findings could open the door to an entirely new class of medications to prevent joint damage while avoiding negative effects on normal immune responses and susceptibility to infections. It could also bring relief to patients who do not respond to currently available treatment regimens.

2015 Levi B. Watkin, PhD

The prize-winning team also included: Birthe Jessen, Wojciech Wiszniewski, Timothy J. Vece, Max Jan, Youbao Sha, Maike Thamsen, Regie L. P. Santos-Cortez, Kwanghyuk Lee, Tomasz Gambin, Lisa R. Forbes, Christopher S. Law, Asbjørg Stray-Pedersen, Mickie H. Cheng, Emily M. Mace, Mark S. Anderson, Dongfang Liu, Ling Fung Tang, Sarah K. Nicholas, Karen Nahmod, George Makedonas, Debra L. Canter, Pui-Yan Kwok, John Hicks, Kirk D. Jones, Samantha Penney, Shalini N. Jhangiani, Michael D. Rosenblum, Sharon D. Dell, Michael R. Waterfield, Feroz R. Papa, Donna M. Muzny, Noah Zaitlen, Suzanne M. Leal, Claudia Gonzaga-Jauregui, Baylor-Hopkins Center for Mendelian Genomics, Eric Boerwinkle, N. Tony Eissa, Richard A. Gibbs, James R. Lupski, Jordan S. Orange and Anthony K. Shum. Their report, “COPA mutations impair ER-Golgi transport and cause hereditary autoimmune-mediated lung disease and arthritis,” was published in Nature Genetics. This interdisciplinary scientific discovery team from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital used the latest genome sequencing techniques to identify a new autoimmune syndrome characterized by a combination of severe lung disease and arthritis that currently has no therapy. The hereditary disorder, which appears in early childhood, had never been diagnosed as a single syndrome.

2014 James R. O’Dell, MD

The prize-winning team also includes: Ted R. Mikuls, MD, MSPH; Thomas H. Taylor, MD; Vandana Ahluwalia, MD; Mary Brophy, MD, MPH; Stuart R. Warren, JD, PharmD; Robert A. Lew, PhD; Amy C. Cannella, MD; Gary Kunkel, MD; Ciaran S. Phibbs, PhD; Aslam H. Anis, PhD; Sarah Leatherman, MA; and Edward Keystone, MD. The team’s report, “Therapies for Active Rheumatoid Arthritis After Methotrexate Failure,” was published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2013. It is notable for its scientific significance, approach, innovations and importance to people with arthritis.

2013 Bruce N. Cronstein, MD

The Paul R. Esserman Professor of Medicine at New York University School of Medicine, Dr. Cronstein’s pioneering research has been responsible for driving new understanding of the basis of inflammation in arthritis, as well as other diseases. He has been recognized, encouraged and supported over the past 25 years by investigator awards, grants and other support from the National Institutes of Health, the pharmaceutical industry and the Arthritis Foundation. Dr. Cronstein holds multiple patents and patents pending, is chair of multiple research boards and committees and serves as a mentor to many members of the next generation of rheumatology leaders.

2012 George C. Tsokos, MD

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Chief of Rheumatology Division, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. After receiving his doctorate in medicine from the University of Athens, Greece, Dr. Tsokos trained in internal medicine at Georgetown and in rheumatology at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Between 1987 and 2007, he was a member of the Uniformed Services/Walter Reed community before joining the Beth Israel Medical Center as chief of rheumatology and Harvard Medical School as professor of medicine.
Dr. Tsokos has served the community in leading roles, including president of the Clinical Immunology Society, chair of NIH Study Sections and editor of journals, such as Clinical Immunology, PLOS ONE and The Journal of Immunology. He has been elected to the Association of American Physicians, Fellow of the American
Association for the Advancement of Sciences, and Master of the American College of Physicians. Over the past two decades at Walter Reed and Harvard University, Dr. Tsokos has systematically characterized biochemical and molecular abnormalities in immune cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and furthered the understanding of the disease’s origin. His studies have identified novel treatment targets and disease biomarkers to improve the lives of patients.

2011 Andrew D. Luster, MD, PhD

Through his work at Duke, Rockefeller, Cornell and Harvard, Dr. Luster has been a pioneer in the birth, growth and development of the chemokine field. His laboratory at Massachusetts General Hospital has helped define how chemokines function in immune cell trafficking and in the patheogenesis of immune and inflammatory diseases like arthritis.

2011 Alisa Erika Koch, MD

Chief of Rheumatology, Allergy & Immunology and Director of the Research Center for Immunology & Inflammatory Diseases at Massachusetts General Hospital. Dr. Koch studied extensively at Northwestern and Loyola, concentrating on immunopatheogenesis, cell adhesion, angiogenesis and cytokines, as they relate to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Through her lab work and many contributions to prestigious scientific journals, Dr. Koch has made a significant impact on RA treatments.

2010 Wayne M. Yokoyama, MD

Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Dr. Yokoyama established the molecular basis of target cell recognition by natural killer cells. He was the first to identify a gene cluster encoding receptors responsible for inhibiting or activating natural killer cells, and to show that these receptors specifically interact with ligands that are expressed on the target cell surface.

2009 John O’Shea, MD

National Institutes of Health, is the recipient of the 2009 Lee C. Howley Sr. Prize for Arthritis Research because he has elucidated the biochemical mechanisms of signal transduction in immunologic reactions and defined the molecular basis of immunodeficiencies. He has identified key biochemical steps by which cytokines exert their effects in immunologic and rheumatic diseases and these findings have in turn led to the development of a new class of immunosuppressive drugs.

2008 Gerard Karsenty, MD, PhD

Columbia University College of Physicians. His contributions to our understanding of the development and function of the skeletal system have been nothing short of remarkable. To put it succinctly, Karsenty has single-handedly transformed this field. Prior to Karsenty’s work, little was known about the molecular basis of mammalian skeletal system development and differentiation. Now, a decade later, the field is burgeoning with a plethora of new transcription factors, coactivators, corepressors, and signaling pathways that explain the development of the osteoblast from the mesenchymal stem cell, both during embryonic development and during postnatal bone formation.

2008 Michel Nussenzweig, MD, PhD

Rockefeller University. Dr. Nussenzweig’s contributions to the fields of B cell development and dendritic cell function have provided crucial insights into the etiology of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and have paved the way to the development of novel therapies for the treatment of these diseases.

2007 David Wofsy, MD

University of California at San Francisco, for initiating the use of so-called biologic agents for the treatment of rheumatic disease and for establishing an extensive clinical trial network for evaluating the use of these agents in humans with lupus. His more recent studies led to the development of clinical applications of a new biological agent that inhibits T cells. One such medication known as Abatacept is now in use for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

2007 Gary Koretzky, MD, PhD

of the University of Pennsylvania, for his studies of the molecules that white blood cells use to control their function. One of these molecules is known as SLP-76. Koretzky’s studies demonstrated how signals delivered by extra-cellular molecules such as antigens can be linked to the control of protein molecules inside cells.

2006 Gary Firestein, MD

University of California, San Diego. His scientific contributions have moved the study of RA from primitive analysis of peripheral blood cells to a sophisticated assay of patterns of gene expression which provide a much more powerful and informed perspective.

2005 Chella David, PhD

Mayo Clinic, for his studies, first on genetic fine structure controlling susceptibility to collagen-induced arthritis and then on the functional HLA Class II Transgenic Mice, which enabled his laboratory and those of others to study human disease with humanized models.

2004 David Felson, MD, MPH

Boston University, for his contributions in the fields of clinical epidemiology and clinical trials design

2004 Jeffrey Ravetch, MD

of Rockefeller University, for his contributions toward understanding the role of Fc receptors, immune-mediated inflammation and the implications for therapeutic interventions.

2003 David V. Goeddel, PhD

Tularik Inc., in recognition of his important contributions to the biology of TNF, which were pivotal in the development of TNF inhibitors.

2002 Betty Diamond, MD

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, for her work to elucidate the cause of lupus and to understand how the various forms of tissue injury are induced in patients with this disorder.

2002 Peter Lipsky, MD

 of the National Institutes of Health. Taking a leadership role in the development of new biologic agents for the treatment of RA, Dr. Lipsky played a key role in investigations of anti-TNF or infliximab.

2001 David S. Pisetsky, MD, PhD

Duke University, for his work on the immune properties of DNA. This work in the area of SLE has revolutionized the conceptualization of the role of DNA in normal and aberrant immunity and has provided a new paradigm of autoimmunity.

2000 Daniel Kastner, MD, PhD

National Institutes of Health, for his work on genetic mapping and positional cloning. He successfully organized and led an international consortium of groups that were in search of the gene for familial Mediterranean fever, a form of arthritis particularly common in Mediterranean populations.

1999 Morris Reichlin, MD

Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, for his work to determine the role of specific immunological factors in the pathogenesis of SLE. His most recent work on the anti-P system is potentially important in terms of access of circulating antibodies to internal cellular compartments and their ability to cause disease.

1998 Matthew H. Liang, MD, MPH

Brigham & Women’s Hospital, for his studies of the social and economic consequences of arthritis, the roles of medical, surgical and physical therapy on long‑term outcome of these diseases and how patients and their families learn coping skills.

1998 William P. Arend, MD

of the University of Colorado, for his pioneering research, which has provided an increased understanding of natural mechanisms to counter inflammation, and has led to entirely new approaches to the treatment of many types of arthritis.

1997 Arthur Weiss, MD, PhD

University of California, San Francisco, discovered key elements that activate white blood cells, called T cells, in the inflamed tissues in joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

1996 Michael B. Brenner, MD

Brigham and Women’s Hospital, for his seminal discoveries of how lymphocytes recognize foreign molecules that can serve as triggers for various forms of arthritis and other inflammatory diseases.

1996 Laurie H. Glimcher, MD

Harvard School of Public Health, for her pioneering work on deciphering the molecular controls that determine the chemicals, termed cytokines, that lymphocytes produce in fighting infections and in causing inflammation in arthritis.

1995 Barton F. Haynes, MD

Duke University, for his work on understanding the role of retroviruses and biologically active molecules in the pathogenesis of inflammatory synovitis.

1994 K. Frank Austen, MD

Harvard Medical School, for his outstanding contributions to understanding of the molecular and cellular biology of the inflammatory system, which is involved in many types of arthritis. Dr. Austen has been instrumental in identification of several chemicals called leukotrienes, which are involved, in the inflammatory response.

1993 Allen C. Steere, MD

New England Medical Center. Dr. Steere and his colleagues discov­ered Lyme disease, described its numerous clinical manifestations, and helped forge a link between the disease and the tick-borne microorganism, Borrelia burgdorferi.

1992 Darwin J. Prockop, MD, PhD

Thomas Jefferson Medical College, for his pivotal findings on how collagen is made. They are the basis for his hypothesis that the premature degener­ation of collagen tissue in man can be the result of genetic defects in the collagen molecule itself.

1991 Douglas T. Fearon, MD

of Johns Hopkins University, used the latest techniques in molecular biology to isolate the genes that make both complement proteins and the cell proteins that interact with complement.

1991 John P. Atkinson, MD

Washington University School of Medicine, and

1990 Robert J. Winchester, MD

Columbia University, for his pioneering research that identified the basis for a person's genetic predisposition to develop rheumatoid arthritis.

1989 Eng M. Tan, MD

Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, for his lifelong study to identify autoantibodies in those arthritis diseases falling into the category of autoimmunity, including systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, and Sjögren's syndrome.

1988 Mart Mannik, MD

University of Washington, for his contributions to understanding of rheumatoid arthritis, especially to understanding the structure of antibody molecules, including the unique characteristics of antibody idiotypes.

1987 Dennis A. Carson, MD

Scripps Clinic, for his work in purine metabolism in the immune system and the nature of idiotypic specificities in rheumatoid factors.

1986 Hugh O. McDevitt, MD

Stanford University, for his contributions to the understanding of cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the genetic control of immune responsive­ness.

1985 C. William Castor, MD

University of Michigan, for his work in the definition, function and biological significance of connective tissue activation and the connective tissue activating peptides.

1984 Joan A. Steitz, PhD, Michael Lerner, MD, PhD, and John A. Hardin, MD

Yale University, for their work in the identification of prominent autoantigens in systemic lupus erythematosus.

Stay in the Know. Live in the Yes.

Get involved with the arthritis community. Tell us a little about yourself and, based on your interests, you’ll receive emails packed with the latest information and resources to live your best life and connect with others.