Federal Laws That Can Help

Several federal laws give your child rights by baring discrimination against children with disabilities in public schools and requiring private schools to be accessible.  These include:

  • Public Law 101-476 Formerly the Education for All Handicapped Children Act PL 94-142 : Says that every child has a right to a free, appropriate public education, whether or not the child has a disability.

  • Part H of the Individual with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA):  Provides money to states to identify infants and toddlers with developmental disabilities, and offer them and their families' early intervention services until the age of three.

  • The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Requires private schools, day-care centers and nurseries to be accessible to children with disabilities and bans discrimination in hiring and employment.

  • Section 504 and Title II requirements of the ADA: Apply to post-secondary students requiring the school to  provide appropriate academic adjustments as necessary to ensure that there is not discrimination based on a studen'ts disability.

  • Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act of 1973: Bans discrimination against disabled persons in programs that get federal funds and allows for accomodations to be made in school programs.

Fore more information about educational law and access, visit the Office for Civil Rights a part of the U.S. Department of Education Web site: www.ed.gov.

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